Aiuti umanitari all’Africa: Berlusconi se ne frega

Posted on 20 dicembre 2010

0



L’ultimo cablogramma Wikileaks italiano fa luce su un argomento tristemente vergognoso per l’Italia. Oggetto dei commenti dell’Ambasciata americana a Roma sono questa volta i finanziamenti italiani ai Paesi africani: l’Italia ha portato avanti i finanziamenti solo per tenere a freno la lingua dell’irlandese Bono, cantante degli U2 e portavoce della Fondazione ONE . Nonostante l’Italia fornisca aiuti a 36 Paesi africani, con priorità a Etiopia, Mozambico ed Eritrea, gli USA sottolineano che il sistema di aiuti del Belpaese è obsoleto e troppo concentrato su progetti per le infrastrutture. In altre parole, al Governo italiano poco importa dell’Africa e della situazione di estrema povertà in cui vivono milioni di persone nel continente nero. Berlusconi ed il suo governo hanno sempre dato priorità a quel tipo di aiuti che possano assicurare un tornaconto economico e questo, a mio parere (e penso che molti lo condivideranno, ndr), non si può chiamare aiuto umanitario. Aiutare significa dare, mentre il Governo italiano non dà niente se non riceve qualcosa in cambio: questo non fa onore all’Italia ed a tutti i cittadini seriamente impegnati nella difesa dei diritti civili e della giustizia sociale internazionale.“Da voi solo strette di mano – accusò Bob Geldof lo scorso anno – e niente aiuti all’Africa”.

Quest’anno gli aiuti italiani all’Africa si sono ridotti di un 6% rispetto al 2004, mentre tutti gli altri Paesi hanno raggiunto o superato il 61% di aumento. L’estate scorsa, Berlusconi si era personalmente e solennemente impegnato a rimediare alla pessima figura fatta dall’Italia, in merito agli aiuti al continente africano ed aveva ribadito l’impegno nel destinare agli aiuti lo 0,51% del Pil entro il 2013.“A un anno di distanza non c’è traccia del piano di stanziamenti che aveva promesso e invece di cancellare i tagli agli aiuti dello scorso anno ne ha fatti altri – afferma Oliver Buston, direttore per l’Europa della Fondazione ONE – Berlusconi deve essere escluso dal G8 per aver del tutto disatteso le promesse fatte a favore dei più poveri del pianeta. Molti altri capi di Stato o di governo hanno ottime ragioni per sedere a quel tavolo. È del tutto inutile che a questi vertici partecipi qualcuno che si fa vedere, che stringe mani, che mangia ai banchetti, che firma il comunicato ma che poi non fa assolutamente nulla per rispettare gli impegni presi. Se si esclude l’Italia, il G7 (perché la Russia non ha firmato) avrebbe raggiunto entro quest’anno circa il 75 per cento degli aumenti agli aiuti promessi”.

Il rapporto redatto da ONE in collaborazione con l’African Progress Panel parla così in merito agli aiuti dell’Italia all’Africa:“in 2009, the year of its G8 presidency, Italy’s ODA to sub- Saharan Africa fell by €238 million ($331 million). Since Gleneagles, Italy has cut ODA to the region by €169 million ($235 million). This means that it has delivered -6% of its commitment. Italy is not expected to salvage this situation in 2010. ONE estimates 2010 levels of ODA to be the same as those in 2009. Further, there is little evidence of a proposed recovery plan to re-establish progress towards a new global target of 0.51% by 2013. Italy provided leadership as the 2009 G8 host in prioritising agriculture on the G8’s agenda. However, it has made minimal progress in improving its aid quality and also has not paid its 2009 commitment to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, raising concerns that it will become the first country to outright default on a Global Fund pledge. Italy is also not on track to meet its commitments to cancel debt to the world’s poorest countries, and like the rest of the G8 is failing to deliver on its commitment to ‘make trade work for Africa’. Italy’s abysmal performance in 2009 occurred while the country was under close international scrutiny as President of the G8, which culminated with the L’Aquila Summit. At the summit, President Berlusconi reiterated his pledge towards the Gleneagles target. In an exclusive interview with ONE’s Bob Geldof on 5 July 2009, he also committed to achieving – admittedly belatedly – a figure of 0.51% of GNI by 2013, and sketching a ‘recovery plan’. However, evidence of implementation of this plan is yet to be seen. It is unfortunate that there was nothing in the aftermath of the summit that could justify any optimism with respect to the radical change of direction and pace needed in Italy’s ODA contributions. On the contrary, its 2010 budget does not contain any provision that would markedly alter this stagnating trajectory, leaving the country far from achieving the goals it claims to be committed to. Further, Italy’s poor performance has hindered the EU from reaching its collective 0.56% target for 2010 and brought the G7 performance on ODA from 75% down to 61%. Although it is clear that Italy will miss the 2010 targets by a wide margin, it is essential that it launches an immediate convergence programme – a Gleneagles recovery package – in order to recover from its unacceptably low current levels of aid delivery. In the absence of such visible effort, there is no other solution than for Italy’s peers to exclude it from the G8, given its by now unmistakable lack of commitment to – and its effective ‘free-riding’ on – the jointly agreed international development goals”.

E queste le parole e le scuse di Berlusconi dello scorso anno: “you are right: when a commitment is underwritten, then it must be kept and fulfilled. We are late, and must catch up with our pledges. I am sorry we did not respect our promises, we are sorry we reduced aid to Africa, and for this reason we have opened a debate within the government. The Finance Minister, Mr Tremonti, has pledged to bring Italy back in line with its commitments during the next three years. After the G8, with the budget for 2010, I’ll work on the recovery plan to do just that. Italy will reach 0.33 by 2010, and we will get to 0.51 by 2013”. Promesse, ad oggi, non mantenute.

I sig. Geldof, Bono e Buston hanno ragione, il Governo italiano è ipocrita e Berlusconi un capo di governo inetto e menzognero, che ha sempre fatto dell’apparenza e dell’immagine il suo biglietto da visita all’estero. Dietro questa facciata non c’è niente, nessun impegno, nessuna responsabilità e nessuna coscienza.

Per concludere, ecco a voi il testo integrale dell’ultimo cablogramma Wikileaks italiano.

08ROME905, ITALY

ITALY: GOI PROGRESS ON AID TO AFRICA FOR G8  PRESIDENCY

Classified By: Econ Counselor William R. Meara

1. (U) Summary: The Director of Italy’s Sub-Saharan African Assistance Office said assistance levels are not expected to change with the newly installed Berlusconi government. Italy will continue to focus its funding on Ethiopia and Mozambique, with an emphasis on health and education. Development officials hope assistance issues will continue to be a priority for Italy during its 2009 G-8 presidency. End Summary.

2. (U) On June 19 Econoff met with Fabrizio Nava, Director of the Office of Sub-Saharan Africa Assistance, to discuss GOI assistance to Africa. The 2008 GOI budget allocates 4.1 billion Euros for foreign assistance, or .27 percent of GDP, slightly above the percentage of GDP in 2007. The MFA disperses roughly 750 million of the 4.1 billion Euros through the foreign aid office; Africa receives around 140 to 200 million for bilateral and multilateral humanitarian assistance. The Ministry of Finance controls the remaining foreign assistance account which covers Italy’s contributions to the United Nations, EU, World Bank and Italy’s debt-forgiveness program. Despite the recent arrival of the center-right government and budget cuts, Nava believed African assistance levels would be maintained.

3. (U) Italy supplies aid to 36 of the countries in Africa. Of these 36, the GOI gives three countries priority: Ethiopia, Mozambique, and Eritrea. Eritrea is now, however, only given emergency aid due to EU restrictions. Nava said that the GOI recently initiated a pilot program focused on budget support to Mozambique. Should GOI deem the program a success, Nava said similar budget support will be given to other African countries starting with Cape Verde.

4. (U) According to Nava, Sudan, Egypt, and Mauritania are lower priorities, but also receive assistance from the GOI. Nava pointed to a recent memorandum of understanding pledging 12 million Euros over the next three years to Mauritania. The funds have been earmarked for poverty alleviation, the improvement of living conditions, cultural programs and training for judges. (Note: Mauritania is a personal concern of Alain Economides, Head of Minister Frattini’s Private Office and former Ambassador to the region. End Note.) In Mauritania and Egypt, Nava noted that most GOI aid focuses on agricultural, medical, and educational development. Nava expects work on gender issues, an initiative started by the previous Foreign Minister, to continue to be a priority as well, although he did not provide specifics.

5. (U) Econoff brought up criticism voiced by NGOs such as Bono’s “Debt AIDS Trade Africa” (D.A.T.A.) and Action Aid Italy that Italy’s aid apparatus is out-of-date and overly focused on infrastructure projects. Nava explained that donating to NGOs is rather difficult due to the small number of them; there are roughly 300 “recognized” NGOs in Italy. In order to be recognized by the GOI, NGOs must go through a three-year vetting process. Nava observed that over the past two years, the Foreign Ministry has made improvements in disbursing assistance through NGOs and said he believed the trend would continue. In closing, Nava said he expected African assistance be a focus during Italy’s 2009 G-8 presidency.

6. (C) Comment: With its 2009 G8 presidency looming, the GOI may decide to maintain funding levels simply to avoid an embarrassing tongue-lashing from Bono et al. End comment.

Leggi anche:

Corrotti e cannibali. Ecco perché l’Africa muore di fame

Corrotti e cannibali. Ecco perché l’Africa muore di fame (PARTE II)

Matteo Vitiello